Martin Denton · July, 2007
Manhattan Theatre Source
CAST: Esther Barlow, Jason Howard, David Ian Lee, Michelle O’Connor, Ridley Parson, Nancy Sirianni, Tarantino Smith, Ben Sulzbach, Jennifer Gordon Thomas, James Wetzel
Written and Directed by
Manhattan Theatre Source and Gideon Productions present the world premiere of Universal Robots by Mac Rogers. The following description is from the show's press release: "The Great War has just ended. Czechoslovakia is a Republic with an elected President and a thriving artistic community that includes celebrated playwright Karel Capek. But history cracks wide open when a young woman walks into Karel’s life with a strange mannequin in a wheelchair...a mannequin that gets up and moves all by itself! Universal Robots tells the alternate history of the 20th Century, beginning with the invention of the robot through the destruction of Nazi Germany at the hands of the robot army, and concluding with the horrifying robot rebellion against the human race that changed the world forever. A love story, political allegory, and redemptive tragedy, Universal Robots freely adapts Czech playwright Karel Capek’s seminal 1921 play R.U.R., which introduced the word 'robot' to the world. Universal Robots departs significantly from Capek’s script, offering a meaty and riveting story of war, love, faith, technology, and the power of art to change the world, for both good and ill."
Mac Rogers's new play Universal Robots is one of the best new works I've seen in the theatre all year. It's only running one more week as part of Manhattan Theatre Source's Straight from the Source festival; it needs to come back for an extended stay later on. Rogers has used Karel Capek's famous play R.U.R. as inspiration for Universal Robots, along with some of the events of Capek's life and that of his brother Josef; this is no simple adaptation, though, but rather a sort of mashup of the original play, the Capeks' biographies, and a good deal of mid-20th century history, all filtered through a very contemporary horror/sci-fi sensibility. The result is a drama that's astute, ideological in the best possible way, and enormously compelling and entertaining.
The play begins in Czechoslovakia, shortly after World War I. Tomas Masaryk has been elected the newly formed country's first president, and among the leading lights of his circle is playwright/poet/political columnist Karel Capek. In Rogers's world, Capek has not a brother but a sister, Josephine, with whom he collaborates on some of his plays (and Rogers shows us some quick samples right up front: socialist satires called "The Insect Play" and "The Absolute at Large"). The Capeks and a couple of their friends—fellow playwright Salda and scientist Peroutka—meet Friday nights at a cafe run by the homely Radosh, and here they brainstorm their next stage opus, "The Drudges," a science fiction play about a society where the firstborn children of each family are genetically altered so that they lack ambition, existing only to serve their younger siblings, whose intellectual and artistic pursuits can thus be realized without interruption.
The friends wonder: Could such a world ever really exist? However, before they can start debating the question, a young woman named Helena Rossum appears at Radosh's cafe, with what looks like a man in a wheelchair. But the man isn't breathing; in fact, it's not a man at all, Helena explains: it's a machine, created by her mother. The idea of the Drudge has been realized by science, the Capeks realize. Josephine will eventually christen these entities "robots," and the world will never be the same.
Rogers follows R.U.R.'s basic outline, showing how the robots are then built to serve mankind, become enormously successful, and then are chartered for a more insidious purpose—namely, to help the Czechs fight the incipient Nazi menace. It's tremendously skillful alternative history, culminating in a robot rebellion that makes for an edge-of-your-seat finish equal to the best story-telling of stage or screen. There's plenty to mull over, ideologically and dramatically, after the curtain comes down.
Rogers has masterfully directed the play himself, in the very intimate Manhattan Theatre Source space. Design elements are simple and spare, and transitions between scenes are brisk and economical, with the tension building generously throughout. The cast is exemplary, with 10 actors playing dozens of characters. Rogers and his actors have done particularly splendid work realizing the robot characters, who speak very consistently in an odd mechanical style and tone that becomes less and less so as their intelligence increases. Standouts in the company include David Ian Lee and Jennifer Gordon Thomas as Karel and Josephine, Nancy Sirianni as Rossum, and Jason Howard as Radius, the first robot.
Though Universal Robots is long (more than 2-1/2 hours), it makes for such riveting drama that I was never aware of the passing of time—I just wanted to see what was going to happen next. You can't ask for anything better than that in the theatre. This is brilliant drama, and deserves to be not just the hit of the summer indie season, but of the fall and winter as well.
LIGHTING: Travis Ryder
STAGE MANAGER: Shey Lyn Zanotti